Safety

Electric Vehicle drivers have access to several key safety resources and features that maximize awareness and minimize hazards behind the wheel. Anyone driving an EV or considering an EV purchase should be aware of the unique safety considerations relating to electric vehicles.

EV Owner's Manual

There are many reasons why EV owners should familiarize themselves with the vehicle’s owner manual. This manual contains vital information specific to your vehicle's make and model. It will provide guidance on how to take care of your EV, advice on technical issues, tips on driver and passenger safety, and much more.

A guide to solving unexpected situations, such as a charger getting stuck in the charge port

Help with troubleshooting. A dashboard warning light has appeared, what does it mean, and why are the warnings color coded? 

How to perform regular maintenance 

What to know when you tow

EV Safety systems 

Vehicle software and updates

Car accident or breakdown information

Battery care and precautions 

Load limits: How much weight can be safely placed in the trunk of an EV?

Charging Instructions

If your EV is new or used, be sure to check that you have a copy of the owner’s manual. If you do not:

The EV owner's manual will also educate you on what is under the hood of your EV that is accessible to first responders during an emergency. For example: 

  • Battery Disconnect Unit (BDU): Acts like an on/off switch for the EV battery and protects first responders, passengers and the electronics in the vehicle.
  • First Responder Loop: Assists first responders to shut down the voltage system and disable the supplemental restraint system (SRS) and airbag components. 

Safety Features

It is important to understand the safety features that your EV has to offer. Below are some resources to review: 

Charging

  • Make sure your charging station at home is installed by a qualified electrician and that it will not overload your existing panel.
  • If your vehicle has been totally submerged, have it checked before it is charged – water intrusion can cause issues

Towing

  • EVs should always be towed on a flatbed truck. 
  • Always consult the manufacturer’s recommendations on how the tow truck driver should connect to the EV when the EV is loaded on the flatbed. 
  • EV tires should not touch the ground when being towed. All four wheels should be off the ground. Remember: EVs generate power when their tires are spinning.
  • Consult your EV owner’s manual for your vehicles specific towing instructions.

Software Updates

  • Perform regular software updates on your EV.
  • For owner manual updates, check with the EV manufacturer or online.

Emergency Numbers

Emergency numbers to keep in your EV include:

  • EV-qualified tow truck company 
  • Insurance company
  • Dealership
  • Medical information
  • Doctors number 
  • Emergency contacts